Ecommerce in Russia
Russia is, what its situation in Europe is concerned, a stranger in our midst. It’s part European, it’s part Asian, but above all it’s Russia. It is one of those countries that together with the United States, China and the United Kingdom dominate international politics, economy and sports.
More than 143.7 million people live in Russia, which makes it the 9th biggest country in the world. Slightly more than 45% of all Russian people are between 25 and 54 years old. In early 2014, 59% of the adult population (69 million people) had access to the Internet, making Russia Europe’s number one in terms of Internet users.
|Population||143.7 million people|
|– % internet users||59%|
|Online sales||€21.6 billion (predicted for 2016)|
|Online stores worth mentioning:||Ozon, Ulmart, KupiVIP|
- Ecommerce customers in Russia
- The ecommerce market in Russia
- Big online stores in Russia
- Latest ecommerce news from or about Russia
Ecommerce customers in Russia
Russian consumers generally distrust the safety of online transactions and, in certain cases, the honesty of online retailers. That’s why cash on delivery is the main payment method (around 80%), as far as physical goods are concerned. Bank cards aren’t used very often for purchases even in brick and mortar stores, but online it also represents a low part of total online consumer spending. The most popular local electronic currencies are Yandex Money, Webmoney and the QIWI Wallet. PayPal began serving domestic transactions only in late 2013. 93% of all domestic purchases made online are cash-on-delivery, according to SPSR Express.
In 2013, according to InSales, the largest product categories in Russian ecommerce were (ranked in order): household appliances and consumer electronics, clothes and shoes, computers and notebooks, car spare parts, mobile phones, furniture and interior, B2B equipment and construction materials. Note that for example car spare parts (€355.7 million) is a way more popular product category in Russia than books and DVDs (€89 million). SPRS Express states that electronics and fashion represent 57% of total online spending.
According to information from Ecommerce Foundation, the most popular product group in Russian ecommerce is still clothing, followed by IT, shoes & lifestyle, media & entertainment and telecom. With regards to online services, travel is by far the most popular online service group in Russia.
The ecommerce market in Russia
According to Moscow’s Data Insight, Russia has a 10.4 billion euro ecommerce market in 2013, up 27 percent from 2012. This represented a mere 2% of the total retail market. Morgan Stanley forecasts the Russian ecommerce sector to grow 35% annually to 2015, reaching 4.5% of total retail sales. According to East-West Digital News, the Russian ecommerce sector could grow to 35 billion to 50 billion euros by the end of this decade and exceed 75 billion euros in ten years. There are always different ways to calculate the total ecommerce value of a country: some organization don’t count travel expenses, while others also include online gambling or tourism. That’s why Ecommerce Foundation has released totally different numbers. It states the ecommerce in Russia was worth 20.5 billion euros in 2015 and is predicted to reach 21.6 billion euros in 2016.
Big online stores in Russia
The biggest player in the Russian market is Ulmart.ru, with a diversified assortment from electronics to items for the home and garden. Its 2015 turnover reached an estimated 510 billion euros. Among the other important players are Ozon, which can be seen as a Russian equivalent of Amazon, KupiVIP (a copycat of Venteprivee.com), group buying platform Biglion, platform Avito and the online properties of the German Otto Group. Data Insight and Ruward published a top 100 of online stores in Russia.
Latest news about Russia
Consumers in Russia are buying more online. During the first half of this year, the total amount of online payments grew by 12 percent, while the number of transactions increased by 27 percent, compared to the second half of 2015.
Data Insight and Ruward published the top 100 of biggest online stores in Russia. Number one on the list is Ulmart, with a turnover of almost 510 million euros. The top three is completed by Wildberries (€443 million) and Citilink (€344 million).
Assist Group, a major online payment service provider in Russia, provides online stores with the ability to process MIR cards, the national payment card system in Russia. Some of the acquiring banks are already connected, the rest is at the stage of testing and integration.
Last update: September 2016. Thanks to: East-West Digital News.